Dr John TODHUNTER MD (1839-1916)

1 John TODHUNTER1,2 (1839-1916) [304], son of Thomas Harvey TODHUNTER (1799-1884) [560] and Hannah HARVEY (1806-1857) [2100].

Born 30 Dec 1839, 19 Sir John Rogerson's Quay, Dublin.3 Marr Katherine Gresley BALL 18 May 1870. Marr Doral Louisa DIGBY 11 Nov 1879.3 Died 25 Oct 1916, Bedford Park.3 cremated Golders Green.

Description: (from dublin)

Description: after mountmellick

lived at Orchard Croft, Bedford Park

1862 Medical studies
BA '66 Mchir '68
1869 studying in Vienna
1871 MD
after marriage lived in 116 Lower Bagehot St, Dublin
'70-74 Prof. English, Alexandra College
'73 English Lakes
'75 Meditarranean tour
'77 Italy
'79 married again
'80 Italy
before 88 moved to Bedford Pk.

youth
apprenticed to an importing firm from age of 16 (dnb)
Trinity College, Dublin: BA 1867; MB and MCh in 1868; MD 1871
studied in Vienna and Paris
1870 succeeded Edward Dowden as professor of English literatore at Alexandra College for women.
Assistand physicication at Cork St Fever Hospital in Dublin til 1874.

eldest of 5 surviving children (DNB).

He was of 3 Orchard Croft, Bedford Park, London

Orchardcroft, 3 The Orchard, Bedford Park, Chiswick.

his mother was a Harvey, and his paternal g'father was a Harvey. I don't know if there's any connection.

Sp. Katherine Gresley BALL2,3 ( -1871) [1347], dau. of Robert BALL ( -1871) [1966].

Note on Marriage to John TODHUNTER: died in childbirth.

1.1 Arthur TODHUNTER ( -1874) [1792].

Died 1874.

1.2 ?? TODHUNTER ( - ) [2048].

Sp. Doral Louisa DIGBY2,3 (c. 1853-1935) [557], dau. of William Arthur DIGBY ( -1889) [2121] and Louisa MORRISON ( -1879) [2122].

Note on Marriage to John TODHUNTER: DNB entry

Todhunter, John (1839–1916), playwright and poet, was born on 30 December 1839 at 19 Sir John Rogerson's Quay, Dublin, the eldest of the five surviving children of Thomas Harvey Todhunter (1799–1884), timber merchant, and his wife, Hannah Harvey (1806–1857), a cousin, and daughter of Joseph Massey Harvey, also a timber merchant, both members of the Society of Friends.

He was educated in Quaker schools in Dublin, and later in Mountmellick, Queen's county, and York. Apprenticed to importing firms from the age of sixteen, he left that employ to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, taking his BA in 1867, MB and MCh in 1868, and MD in 1871, and studying in Vienna and Paris. He was assistant physician at Cork Street Fever Hospital in Dublin until 1874, but in 1870 also succeeded his friend and confidant Edward Dowden as professor of English literature at Alexandra College for Women.

In 1872 he published an aesthetic treatise, A Theory of the Beautiful, to favourable comment in British and German intellectual circles. He contributed to the Cornhill Magazine under Thackeray's editorship.

Todhunter's marriage to Katharine Gresley Ball (d. 1871), daughter of Robert Ball, on 18 May 1870, ended with her death the following year in childbirth. Their son, Arthur, survived only until 1874.

After experiencing this dual blow Todhunter resigned from the Society of Friends, ceased to practise medicine, and moved to London to pursue the artistic life. He was described by friends during this period as a large imposing man of sallow complexion and melancholic disposition. Although determined at first to become a painter like his college friend John Butler Yeats, Todhunter found himself gradually in London's Irish literary orbit, helping to found the Irish Literary Society and becoming a member of the Gaelic League, but also joining the Rhymers' Club, the Sette of Odd Volumes, and the Order of the Golden Dawn, along with his friend's son, William Butler Yeats, then an emerging poet.

On 12 July 1879, Todhunter married Dora Louisa, née Digby (1853?–1935). They had three children, Edith (1880–1946), John Reginald Arthur (1885–1968), and Margery Dorothea (1887–1968).

Todhunter's earliest literary success came with the publication of The Banshee and other Poems in 1888, which contains his most anthologized poem, ‘Aghadoe’, known to generations of Irish schoolchildren. It was, however, in the theatre that he would make his lasting literary contribution, initially with the staging of his verse play, Helena in Troas, in Hengler's Circus in 1886. Herbert Beerbohm Tree played a leading role and the newly wed Constance Wilde a minor one. Edward Godwin provided its elaborately authenticated stage design. Todhunter's most popular play, A Sicilian Idyll, a verse pastoral, was first performed in 1890 in the theatre in the model suburb and artists' colony at Bedford Park, Chiswick, where he lived.

In 1893 Todhunter's next theatrical success abandoned verse in an effort to keep pace with changing popular taste. The Black Cat, an Ibsenite prose play, was praised as avant-garde by William Archer. In the following year a fellow adept in the Order of the Golden Dawn, Florence Farr Emery, an actress, undertook with Todhunter and Annie Horniman to mount a season at the Avenue Theatre. Todhunter's A Comedy of Sighs (1894) was a play similarly constructed to The Black Cat, but with a contrived happy ending which avoided the earlier play's Hedda-esque suicide. Yeats's Land of Heart's Desire served as the curtain-raiser (in the event a disastrous choice, and unable to be heard by the audience). However, it was Todhunter's, not Yeats's, play that was replaced on the bill, by Shaw's Arms and the Man, a development that helped to launch that playwright's career. A Comedy of Sighs has an additional place in theatrical history in that the poster that advertised the production was an early commission for Aubrey Beardsley. It defied the convention that theatre posters be mostly typographic information. Beardsley's poster for the Yeats–Todhunter double bill, in vivid teal blue and lime green (considered a ghastly combination of colours at the time), featured a ‘wanton’ pre-Raphaelite beauty, and drew as much attention as the plays.

After the failure of A Comedy of Sighs Todhunter, who had enjoyed nearly two decades of literary success, seems to have withdrawn from public life. His considerable means provided a comfortable income. He is likely to have suffered from senility in his later years, and died after a long illness on 25 October 1916 at his home, Orchardcroft, 3 The Orchard, Bedford Park, Chiswick. He was cremated at Golders Green.

Todhunter experimented with many genres, writing a biography of Patrick Sarsfield and translating Goethe's Faust and Heine's Book of Songs. He provided the libretto for an oratorio, The Legend of Stauffenberg, which was composed by J. C. Culwick and performed to acclaim in Dublin in 1890, and another (unpublished and unperformed) for a children's opera Pat in Fairyland.

John Todhunter's literary achievement is, at its highest level, worthy. Most of his writing does not sustain that degree of attainment, but is a valuable record of the artistic taste of his era. His close connection with the Yeats family and minor role in the Irish literary revival earn him a secure place in literary history, as does the significance of his aesthetic, literary, and social affiliations in fin de siècle London.

Christina Hunt Mahony
Sources

The collected letters of W. B. Yeats, 1, ed. J. Kelly and E. Domville (1986) · W. M. Murphy, Prodigal father (1978) · B. Cleeve, ed., Dictionary of Irish writers, 1 (1966) · B. J. P. McDermott, ‘John Todhunter, MD, a minor figure in Anglo-Irish literature’, MA diss., University College Dublin, 1968 · D. J. Moriarty, ‘John Todhunter: child of the coming century’, PhD diss., University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1979 · ‘John Todhunter, MD, an account of his life’, Religious Society of Friends, Dublin, Cup B, nos. 65–118 · H. Jackson, The eighteen nineties (1913); repr. (1976) · J. Johnson, Florence Farr: Bernard Shaw's new woman (1975) · R. S. Harrison, A biographical dictionary of Irish Quakers (1997) · H. Boylan, A dictionary of Irish biography, 2nd edn (1988) · m. cert. (1870) · d. cert.
Archives

priv. coll., family papers · U. Reading L., corresp. and papers, MS 202.1–5 | Religious Society of Friends, Dublin, pedigree, John Todhunter of Cumberland and his descendants · TCD, corresp. with Edward Dowden, MS 3147–3154a, nos. 1–1132 · U. Leeds, Brotherton L., letters to Bram Stoker


Likenesses

H. M. Paget, portrait, NG Ire. · J. Yeats, pencil sketch (Portrait of Dr Todhunter at a calumet), U. Reading


Wealth at death

£8750 1s. 6d.: probate, 18 Jan 1917, CGPLA Eng. & Wales
© Oxford University Press 2004–6


All rights reserved: see legal notice Oxford University Press


Christina Hunt Mahony, ‘Todhunter, John (1839–1916)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/62934, accessed 8 Feb 2006]

John Todhunter (1839–1916): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/62934

1.3 Edith Florence Digby TODHUNTER1 (1880-1946) [303].

Born 4 Sep 1880, King Henry's Rd, London NW. Marr Ambrose HEAL 20 Aug 1904, Register Office, Broad St, Holborn. Marr Ambrose HEAL 20 Aug 1904, Registry Office, Broad St, Holborn.4 Died 1946.5

Oliver Heal has 1945 as Edith's DOD.3

hopeless with children - hence Wendy employed.
1901 census gives her as 'art student'

Oliver Heal has 1945 as Edith's DOD

she gave a swiss toy windmill to BH, when he was a toddler. As soon as she departed, he poked it into the fire. The only unburnt bit was a little black axle and beads which was around all BH's childhood.4

Sp. Ambrose HEAL1 (1872-1959) [299], son of Ambrose HEAL (1847-1913) [291] and Emily Maria STEPHENSON (1849-aft1931) [297].

Entered Heals 1893
Partner 1898
Director 1907
Chairman & Managing Director 1913.
Knighted 1 January 1933

Lady Prudence Maufe (wife of the architect Sir Edward Maufe) was long-term mistress.
Lived at
Shepherds Hill, Buxted, Sussex.6

Ambrose, born at Crouch End 3 September 1872. He was taken into partnership in Heal and Son and became Managing Director of Heal & Son, Limited, in 1907.
On the death of his father in 19 13 he became Chairman and
Managing Director. He is the author " London Tradesmen's Cards of the th Century " ( 192 5) and " The 19lish Writing ~asters and their )py Books, 157°-1800 " (1931).

By ; first wife, Alice-Rose, daughter of exander Rippingille (born 24 Nov- Iber 1859, married at Torquay 21 February 1895, died at Pinner + May 101), he had a son, Cecil-Ambrose, ,rn at Pinner 23 October 1896, died wounds near Poperinghe 3 July 1915, ing then a Second Lieutenant in the d Wiltshire Regiment.

By his second fe, Edith-Florence-Digby, daughter John Todhunter, M.D. (Trin. Coli., ublin), of Orchard Croft, Bedford lrk, London (born 4 September 1880 King Henry's Road, London, N.W., d married at The Register Office, "Gad Street, Holborn, 20 August '0+), he had two sons and two ughters : Barbara-Alison, born at nner 7 November 19°5, died there ; December 1906 ; Anthony-Stand- wick, born at Pinner 23 February 107; Pamela-Margery, born at Pinner July 1908; and John-Christopher, rn at Pinner 2 October 191 I

Long term mistress was Prudence Maufe, wife of Sir Edward Maufe, the architect.
Short term mistress was Dodie Smith, the playwright.

He was a Partner, Heal & Son; Managing Director Heal & Son, Limited 1907; Chairman & Managing Director 1913. Knighted 1 January 1933.4

wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambrose_Heal.

1.3.1 Barbara Alison HEAL1 (1905-1906) [305].

Born 7 Nov 1905, Pinner, Middx. Died 25 Dec 1906, Pinner, Middx.

1.3.2 Anthony Standerwick HEAL1 (1907-1995) [306].

Born 23 Feb 1907, Pinner, Middx. Died 25 Mar 1995.3

Director 1936
Chairman 1953
1965 awarded RSA Bicentenary medal
after getting married lived at 77Wellington Court, Wellington Rd, NW8

He was made a Director of Heal & son in 1936 and Chairman in 1953. Awarded the RSA Bicentenary Medal in 1965.4

Sp. Theodora GRIFFIN2,5 (1906-1992) [522], dau. of GRIFFIN ( - ) [1704].

sculptor.

1.3.3 Pamela Margery HEAL1,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 (1908-1983) [307].

Born 3 Jul 1908, Pinner, Middx. Born 3 Jul 1908, Pinner, Middlesex, England.11,12,14 Marr Kenneth Crunden CLEAVER 29 Jan 1942, Poole, Dorset.5 Marr Alfred Joseph GOOD 15 Sep 1959. Died 1983.5 Died 13 Feb 1983, Dublin, Ireland.9,14

Oliver:
All I know about Kenneth Cleaver is that they were married on 29 January 1942 and he died 3rd October 1945.


She married Alfred J. Good on 15.09.1959. I cannot find a date of death but I would guess early sixties. when was he born?
Jo good was at Dublin Post Office in 1916, friend of Mick Collins, and wrote a book about it.

I have a cutting of the announcement of Pam's death on 13.02.1983 from the Irish Times which reads: "deeply mourned by her sons Kevin, John and Maurice and daughter Joan." There is more family than you thought.3

Educated at Prior's Field School, Godalming. Then Bedford for P.E. training. Gym Teacher in Malvern, Tiverton, Guernsey and Jersey until Germans arrived. After the death of husband Kenneth Cleaver, taught in day schools in London.

Lived in Roland Gardens, SW7, part of the time with Wendy.

After marrying Joe Good, moved to Dublin. He was one of the defenders of the Dublin GPO in 1916.

Wrote and published poetry - 'One is One' Mitre Press 1968. Friend of Walter de la Mare ('WJ' of the dedication of One is One).

Info from book jacket of One is One.4

Joanna remembers that when she was at La Sagesse, Pam brought over a netball team from some other school for a match. She spoke in a ''posh' voice, appearing rather odd to the other girls, and embarrassing to Joanna.

Sp. Kenneth Crunden CLEAVER5,7,10,11,15,16,17,18,19,20 (1895-1945) [526], son of Howard Crunden CLEAVER (1862-1948) [2206] and Annie Rebecca CLARK (1862-1938) [2207].

http://www.combedown.org/tng/getperson.php?personID=I387&tree=heal-standerwick.21

Sp. Alfred Joseph GOOD (1895-1962) [1958], son of SPENCER ( - ) [1960].

JoeJoe Good was at 1916 Dublin GPO Rising, and in 1946 wrote a memor 'Enchanted by Dreams - the journal of a revolutionary'

Buried at Boher na Breena in foothills of County Dublin Mountains (Maurice Good)

Boher Na Breena. Tallaght Co. Dublin Ireland

Bohernabreena nr Tallaght

Joe Good wrote a memoir of his experiences of the Easter Rising, called Enchanted Dreams This was republished (in 2016?) under a name like 'Inside the IRA, 1916'

Joe was part of an assassination squad sent to London to murder members of the cabinet should the Irish Conscription Bill go through. He was assigned to Bonar Law, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and tailed him for some 6 weeks, before the plot was called off.

1.3.4 John Christopher HEAL1,22 (1911-1985) [308].

Born 2 Oct 1911, Pinner, Middx. Marr Teresa Mary Elliot ANSTRUTHER 16 Sep 1939, London.5 Div.3 Div.3,4 Marr Olive Helen Violet [SCARTH] 1972.5 Died 24 Nov 1985, Devon.5

Biography:

school at Greshams in Holt, Norfolk
Cambridge - did Economics and Architecture
1930 walking tour of Pyrenees
army Gunner No 14368175 R.A.
entered heals 1934
1936 exhibited in Mansard Gallery with Maxwell Fry - 7 young architects
1937 with Gordon Russell invited to design furnishings of the 'Weekend House' at Paris Exhibition
designed cottons for Turnbull and Stockdale
1938 dsigned inexpensive birch furniture

1946 demobbed
desigend utility furniture
early member of Modular Society
1952-1975 Design Director
1970 visited Expo70 in Osaka
1975 retired

friend of Douglas Webster, who sent a postcard 1977 from Kippford, Scotland. Kildorran, Kippford, Dalbeattie, Kirkcudbrightshire, DG5 4LW


furniture designer
Director of Heal & Son Ltd
divorced from TMA Heal
married Olive Scarth.4

addresses

39 Willow Rd, Hampstead
--
9 Gainsborough Gardens, Hampstead--
--
9 St Mark's Rd,Regents Park, London NW1 7TS
--
?, The Avenue, Sherborne, Dorset.

Sp. Teresa Mary Elliot ANSTRUTHER5 (1907-1991) [528], dau. of George Elliot ANSTRUTHER Bennet (1870-1940) [571] and Lydia Mary RICHARDSON (1863-1943) [1332].

Godmother was Teresa Riley, an Irish friend of her mother, and the first woman to get a Cambridge Tripos. (according to TMA).

1927-28 at Sorbonne, doing course for teachers of French

In her account books in 1935 she refers to her father as 'daddy'.4

addresses

lived at 36 Southampton Road, in part called Bickerton Tce, opposite the priory.

lived at 4 Adelaide Rd, Hampstead

flat at 427 Russell Court 1937-39, paying £4-11-0 and then £6-10-0 a month (TMA accounts book)

39 Willow Rd, Hampstead
---
9 Gainsborough Gdns, Hampstead
---
2 Cambridge Way, Uckfield, Sussex.

friends that BH remembers, from her address book:

Alice Betts
Miss Marsom
Mrs Frost
Miss Marhsall.

Note on Marriage to John Christopher HEAL: 1958 holiday in Bandol in S. of France, at Heal Cottage.

Sp. Olive Helen Violet [SCARTH]5 ( -c. 1990) [529].

addresses

81 Newland, Sherborne, Dorset.

1.4 John Reginald Arthur TODHUNTER3 (1885-1968) [558].

Born 1885.3 Died 15 Mar 1968.3

Published 'Occasional Verses' 1950
MB Camb.4

Sp. Margery Ethel STENSON3 (1893-1988) [580].

lived in Judd St, then moved to Shoreham.4

1.4.1 Margerie Joan TODHUNTER3 [581].

Sp. Herbert (Larry) G.F. LAMBE2 ( -1990) [1351].

electrical engineer.

1.5 Margery Dorothea TODHUNTER3 (1887-1968) [582].

Born 1887.3 Marr Francis Carleton GREENE 1914. Died 1968.3

BH half remembers being taken at Christmas times to visit 'Aunty Margery Green' in a mansion flat - could it have been Highgate?

Is it Marjorie Dorothea?
There is a presentation copy of Heal family records in with Ambrose(or is it Anthony) saying he is not sure how it is spelled!

Sp. Francis Carleton GREENE2,3 (1881-1926) [583], son of Henry Carleton GREENE (1844-1902) [584] and Jane WILSON (1847- ) [585].

He worked for the Board of Trade. Janet has printed obituaries
Born in Gt Barford, Beds vicarage3

Sources

1Ambrose Heal & Edith Heal, with Charles A. Bernau, "The Records of the Heal Family" (Privately Printed & Published (75 copies only), 1932).
2"File (merged): C:\docs\bh\familyhistory\heal26-1jun04.ged". Record originated in...
3John Gauntlett (Benedict) Heal, "Information provided by John Gauntlett (Benedict) Heal" (Received Oct 2003, prepared ?2001).
4"File (merged): C:\docs\bh\familyhistory\heal26-1jun04.ged".
5Oliver Standerwick Heal, "Information provided by Oliver Heal" (Prepared 1986).
6C B Heal (mostly), "Notes & Inserts in Carlton B Heal's copy of "The Records of the Heal Family"". p 138a.
7Ancestry.com, "England & Wales, Marriage Index, 1916-2005" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2010;).
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
8Ancestry.com, "Surrey, England, Electoral Registers, 1832-1945" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2013;).
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
9Noonan, Barry, comp, "London, England, Death Notices from The Times, 1982-1988" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2005;).
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
10"Ancestry Family Trees" (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.;). Ancestry Family Tree.
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
11FreeBMD, "England & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index, 1837-1915" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006;).
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
12Ancestry.com, "1911 England Census" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2011;). Class: RG14; Piece: 7081; Schedule Number: 27.
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
13Ancestry.com, "London, England, Electoral Registers, 1832-1965" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2010;).
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
14"heal09".
15Ancestry.com, "UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2008;). Class: BT26; Piece: 1043; Item: 63.
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
16Ancestry.com, "British Army WWI Pension Records 1914-1920" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2010;). WO364; Piece: 715.
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
17Ancestry.com, "England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2010;).
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
18Ancestry.com, "1911 England Census" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2011;). Class: RG14; Piece: 5218; Schedule Number: 178.
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
19Ancestry.com, "England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2007;).
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
20Ancestry.com, "1901 England Census" (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2005;). Class: RG13; Piece: 131; Folio: 171; Page: 90.
Ancestry.com. Web: Ancestry.com.
21"combe down website".
combe down. Web: http://www.combedown.org/tng/getperson.php?personID=I387&tree=heal-standerwick.
22JC Heal, "JC Heal's photo album".